Indian spacecraft now orbiting moon in search for water

Indian spacecraft now orbiting moon in search for water

India's spacecraft Chandrayaan 2 entered lunar orbit on Tuesday, executing one of many trickiest maneuvers on its historic mission to the Moon.

At 9.02am, ISRO scientists fired the propulsion system on-board the spacecraft for 1,738 seconds (nearly 29 minutes) to achieve the highly elliptical orbit of 114x18,072 km and an inclination of 88 degrees. "The manoeuvre took around 30 minutes and was put in a defined orbit in the flawless manner, now it will be going around the moon with an inclination of 88 degrees". The next lunar-bound orbit manoeuvre is slated for Wednesday afternoon.

India's moonshot Chandrayaan 2 as we speak efficiently carried out a important manoeuvre that lasted about 20 minutes because it flew nearer to the lunar floor, the Indian House Analysis Organisation mentioned.

After successful insertion, ISRO would carry out four more orbit maneuvers (August 21, 28, 30 and September 1) to enter it into its final orbit.

The lander (named Vikram, after the founder of Isro) weighs about half as much, and carries within its belly a 27kg Moon rover with instruments to analyse the lunar soil.


As the 2.4-tonne unnamed box-shaped spacecraft (orbiter) rotates at 90 degrees over the Moon, on-board engines will be fired on September 2 to separate Vikram from the top of it and lower it to orbit around 100 x 30km above the lunar surface for soft-landing near the south pole on September 7.

If profitable, the mission will make India the fourth nation to mushy land a rover on the lunar floor after Russia, US and China.

He also said the Gaganyaan - India's human space mission - is also in the process of realisation.

The ISRO has successfully manoeuvred Chandrayaan-2 satellite into lunar orbit today.

Chandrayaan-2, India's second moon mission spacecraft, lifted off successfully onboard the "Bahubali" rocket from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh on July 22.


The six-wheeled, 27-kg (60-lb) Pragyan rover is capable of travelling 500 m (1,640 ft) across the lunar surface, and will relay data gathered from experiments conducted around the polar landing site back to Earth via the Vikram lander.

Despite having only a 37 per cent success rate for lunar landing, Sivan said the space agency is highly confident of things going smoothly.

"This is first time an Indian mission would land on a non-terrestrial surface, and that too, the South Pole of the moon". At the end of this, the spacecraft will be placed in a circular orbit, 100 kms above the Moon's surface.

"Two hours after this, the ramp will touch the ground at 3.10 am and the solar panel will be deployed".


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