July Was Officially the Hottest Month Ever Recorded

July Was Officially the Hottest Month Ever Recorded

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has now confirmed the anecdotal evidence: July 2019 was the hottest month on record for our planet.

The NOAA report, which was released on Thursday, revealed that the average global temperature in July was 0.95°C hotter than the 20th century average of 15.8°C.

Several European countries, including France, Belgium, and Germany all reported higher-than-average temperatures in their countries. We'll know in September how this finally turns out. Average Arctic sea ice, for example, was nearly 20 per cent below average in July, less even than the previous historic low of July 2012.

The most unusual average temperatures took place in Alaska, western Canada and central Russian Federation, where temperatures were at least 3.6 F (2 C) warmer than average, according to NOAA.

According to NOAA's records, nine of the 10 hottest Julys on record have occurred since 2005 and last month was the 43rd consecutive July above the 20th-century average.

However, temperatures in parts of Scandinavia and western and eastern Russian Federation were at least 2.7 degrees below average last month.

This year has also set records in the Arctic, where sea ice hit the lowest point ever seen for the month of July.

Data from thousands of surface monitoring stations worldwide, including ocean buoys in the Pacific and land-based thermometers dotting the continents, show that July 2019 was either the warmest or second-warmest month on Earth since at least 1850.

Alaska, Central Europe, northern and southwestern parts of Asia, and parts of Africa and Australia suffered the most intense departures from normal high temperatures, experiencing their hottest year to date.

The new high is all the more notable because the previous followed a strong El Nino, which boosts average global temperates beyond the impact of global warming alone.

Berkeley Earth's analysis found that 2019 is unlikely to set a new record for the warmest year, largely because the January through May period was colder than the same period in 2016.

Average Antarctic sea ice was 675,000 square kilometers (260,000 square miles), 4.3 percent below the 1981-2010 average, making it the smallest for July in the 41-year record.

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