New measles cases are associated with three clusters: CDC

New measles cases are associated with three clusters: CDC

Reported cases of measles worldwide have tripled in the past year, putting children under severe risk, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Monday.

Those born before 1957 or who previously had measles or had two measles vaccine shots are considered immune because of the vaccine's high rate of effectiveness.

The agency noted that only about one in 10 actual measles cases are reported, meaning the early trends for 2019 likely underestimate the severity of the outbreaks.

Dr. Nancy Messonnier, acting director of the Center for Preparedness and Response at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said all the measles cases in the United States have come from other countries.

Over the previous year, the largest numbers have been in Ukraine, Madagascar and India, with each reporting more than 60,000 cases.

But the sudden rise in cases also occurred in countries with high vaccination coverage, including the U.S., Israel, Thailand, and Tunisia.

Rockland County officials desperate to limit the spread of the measles outbreak before it becomes an outright epidemic on Tuesday banned all exposed, unvaccinated people from public gathering places, including houses of worship, for the next three weeks, AP reported. "They are protective of the people who are vulnerable and at risk so we urge all schools to join us in the effort to be protective of their students and their families and their communities". Also known as rubeola, the measles is described by the Texas Department of State Health Services as "a highly contagious respiratory illness spread by contact with an infected person through coughing and sneezing".

Between 2001 and 2013, more than a quarter of children younger than five-years-old who caught measles in the United States had to be treated in hospital, with complications including pneumonia, encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain, deafness and death.

There have been 186 confirmed cases here since October 2018, and health officials say the outbreak has centered around the Orthodox Jewish community. Despite the ongoing outbreaks in communities across the United States, measles is still considered eliminated, which means it is not being continuously transmitted in this country.

Dr Neil de Wet says that there is measles in the Bay of Plenty and if, for any reason, you missed your childhood measles immunisations, now is the time to get a dose of MMR vaccine.

But according to World Health Organization, global coverage for the first vaccine dose has been "stalled" at 85 percent, while 67 percent of people have received the second dose. "In 2017, measles killed 110,000 people worldwide, mostly children under the age of 5".

Africa has seen the biggest increase - 700%, Europe has increased by 300%, the Eastern Mediterranean region 100%, the Americas 60%, and 40% increases in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific. The number of cases has jumped to more than 555 across the country.

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