In European Region, which supplied the most complete data for the report, had a median consumption of 17.9 DDD/1,000 inhabitants per day.
"But antibiotic overuse can cause bacterial resistance", it said in a statement, urging the prescribed use of antibiotics. They found that the highest amount of antibiotic prescriptions took place at urgent care centers, followed by retail clinics, emergency departments, and then medical offices.
Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, a penicillin type antibiotic used in conjunction with amoxicillin under the brand name Augmentin, are the most frequently used antibiotics. New resistance mechanisms in bacteria are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases. To understand this more fully, she recommends that people become familiar with the National Pork Board's Antibiotic Use Position that was revised earlier this year. This report shows a wide range in consumption of antibiotics in the Watch category, from less than 20% of total antibiotic consumption in some countries to more than 50% in others.
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria hard and expensive to treat, often leading to disability and death. The main finding is that the rate of antibiotic use can vary up to 16 times between countries, signaling a two-fold problem: on one hand, wealthy countries are overprescribing antibiotics, which is fueling a unsafe trend of antibiotic resistance while on the other hand, poorer countries may be underutilizing these drugs.
"We are helping countries to build resilient health systems through stronger regulation and policies which promote the appropriate use of quality antibiotics".
In Gibraltar, the Gibraltar Health Authority said it had noted the findings of the study.
Never share antibiotics or prescribe it to someone else. Some bacteria even change their outer structure so that the antibiotics can not attach and kill them.
SM Wajeeh, Country Manager for Pfizer Pakistan said; "We at Pfizer are fully cognizant of this important issue of Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) and have been working with relevant stakeholders to make our contribution towards managing it".
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of the drugs. It, surely, can punish errant drug stores for selling antibiotics without prescriptions and launch campaigns regularly to create awareness among the people about the dangers of misuse or overuse of antibiotics. They would also use the occasion to educate the public on the prevention of the emergence of antibiotic resistance.
Since 2016, the United Nations agency has been supporting data collection in 57 low- and middle-income countries in a bid to set up a standardised system for monitoring antibiotic use.
Some major contributing factors for antibiotic resistance in India are: High consumption of broad spectrum antibiotics, easy availability of antibiotics, including combinations, inappropriate use by people with inadequate knowledge of their use, rampant antibiotic use in animals raised for food, environmental contamination from discharge of effluents from antibiotic manufacturing units to rivers and lakes.