Dairy consumption could lower risk of heart disease

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Compared to the no intake group, the high intake group (average of 3.2 servings per day) had lower rates of total mortality, non-cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular mortality, major cardiovascular disease, and stroke.

In addition, the study found that people who consumed three servings of whole fat dairy per day had lower rates of mortality and cardiovascular disease compared to those who consumed less than 0.5 serving of whole fat dairy per day.

"We are suggesting that dairy merchandise must now not be discouraged and even nearly definitely must be encouraged, especially in low- and heart-earnings global locations where dairy consumption is low, or among folks who exhaust very low amounts of dairy", she says.

This is based on research that has shown saturated fats found in whole-fat products raises your LDL cholesterol, a marker of heart disease.

She said: 'If you have issues digesting dairy products, before completely cutting them out of your diet, seek professional help and they can test if you have any dairy allergies and if you are lactose intolerance.

The group with higher dairy consumption rates also had a lower risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.

To TCTMD, Dehghan stressed that PURE is the first multinational study that includes low- and middle-income countries looking at the association between dairy consumption and clinical outcomes.

When compared with those no consuming milk, the high intake group had lower rates in four categories - total mortality of 3.4 percent vs. 5.6 percent, non-cardiovascular mortality of 2.5 percent vs. 4 percent, cardiovascular mortality of 0.9 percent vs. 1.6 percent, major cardiovascular disease of 3.5 percent vs. 4.9 percent and stroke of 1.2 percent vs. 2.9 percent.

Dr, Ian Givens, Professor of Food Chain Nutrition at Reading University, who was not involved in the study, told Newsweek: "The study will add to the suggestion that dietary guidelines should consider foods as well as nutrients".

The guideline-based recommendations focusing on low-fat dairy products, as well as the focus on saturated fat, need to account for data derived from countries outside the U.S. or Europe, according to the PURE researchers.

One standard serving of dairy was equivalent to a glass of milk at 244g, a cup of yoghurt at 244g, one slice of cheese at 15g, or a teaspoon of butter at 5g. "In fact, it should be encouraged in low-to-middle income countries, as well as in high-income countries among individuals who do not consume dairy".

"Focusing on low-corpulent is predominantly in accordance to the conclusion that saturated corpulent will enhance LDL ldl cholesterol", she says.

Earlier this year the Government's Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) published a consultation on saturated fat, which is part of a process of regularly assessing available evidence to see if guidelines should change. "The other point is that dairy has many other beneficial components-calcium, magnesium, amino acids, vitamin K-and the net effect of dairy should be considered, not just the saturated fat content".

"Dairy products don't need to be excluded from the diet to prevent heart and circulatory diseases and are already part of the eatwell guide, which is the basis for our healthy eating recommendations in the UK".

Dehghan pointed out that individuals in some countries-Sweden, for example-already consume plenty of dairy and said they are not encouraging people from these countries to eat more yogurt, milk, or cheese.

That said, people should stick to low-fat dairy, she advised. "Similarly, people shouldn't take the results too excess and eat as much dairy as they like". "However, ideally our findings require confirmation in randomized trials evaluating the effects of increasing dairy consumption on BP, glucose, and clinical outcomes", Dehghan added.