The foreign affairs ministry in Tbilisi said Russian Federation was conducting large-scale military drills involving thousands of troops and hundreds of vehicles in the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
He also said that the 2008 August war "could have been avoided". Both remain garrisoned by Russian troops until the present day.
The Russian prime minister described NATO's eastward expansion as a major security threat to Russia.
Polish Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz during a press conference in the Georgian capital Tbilisi on Tuesday.
In a statement issued on Tuesday, the EU's foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said the "Russian military presence in both Abkhazia and South Ossetia continues to violate global law".
Eastern European countries, which were formerly in the Soviet Union's sphere of influence, have in recent years frequently campaigned in favour of the two countries' accession.
"There is an unresolved territorial conflict ... and would they bring such a country into the military alliance?"
While around 75% of Georgians said they were in favour of a possible Georgia's accession to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, 81% voiced support for European Union membership. The results of the referendum for joining North Atlantic Treaty Organisation supported 77% of Georgian voters.
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has issued a stern warning to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation on the 10th anniversary of the Russia-Georgia war that Tbilisi's joining the alliance could lead to a "horrible" new conflict, RFE/RL reports.
Today on 10th anniversary of the war between Georgia and Russia, EU is unwavering in our support for Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity and for a peaceful resolution of the conflicts.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, said that Russia is "extremely negative" would react to the further expansion of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, in particular, because of entering into an Alliance of Georgia and Ukraine.
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation expansion causes concern in Moscow, as the military capabilities of the Alliance, including nuclear weapons aimed at Russian Federation.