Google honors Apgar score inventor Dr. Virginia Apgar

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Google on Thursday, dedicated its doodle to Dr Virginia Apgar on her 109th birthday.

Google Doodle showing Dr. Virginia Apagar.

Apgar was born on June 7, 1909.

The influential doctor was given three honorary doctorates during her career.


She lost her elder sibling to tuberculosis, and seeing her brother suffering from childhood illness made Apgar choose medicine. Before attending this university herself, she also studied physiology, chemistry, and zoology. That year, she was one of only four women accepted to the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, where she graduated fourth in her class in 1933.

Apger was born and raised in Westfield, New Jersey to a musical family.

Numerous schools that offered accepted medical education did not admit women at all. Dr Whipple felt advancements were needed in that area, and she seemed to have the "energy and ability". She was appointed the first woman Professor at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in 1949, according to a biography of the clinician at the Columbia University website. In November 1995, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York. She was an American obstetrical anesthesiologist. Her score has a range of zero to ten based on tot's condition and helped resuscitate infants struggling to breathe. She is best known as the inventor of the 'Apgar score, ' a method to summarise the birth of newborns.

It soon became clear that a baby with a poor rating could be resuscitated, by oxygen and warming, to a good score in around five minutes. Apgar concentrated on maternal anesthesia practices and is considered the pioneer in teratology, the study of birth defects.


The United States infant mortality rate decreased between the 1930s and the 1950s, but the number of infant deaths within the first 24 hours after birth remained constant.

During the rubella pandemic of 1964, Apgar became an advocate for universal vaccination to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the disease.

The Apgar score is now being used worldwide. In her later years, she worked for March of Dimes, a non-profit founded by President Franklin Roosevelt that initially targeted polio but went on to focus on the prevention of birth defects.


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