Next up for Ramos-Vinolas is a meeting with Novak Djokovic, who eased past Nikoloz Basilashvili 6-4 6-2. In the final game, Thiem smashed his racket into a mangled wreck and handed it to a befuddled fan in the front row.
Fognini had his home-country crowd behind him, and when he went three set-points up against Thiem, it was clearly too much for the Austrian to take. "And that's what I did today", said Nadal, who is targeting an eighth Rome title and first since 2013.
France's Caroline Garcia, a semi-finalist in Madrid last week, also eased into the third round past Hungary's Timea Babos 6-3, 6-4.Garcia, the seventh seed, went through with a break in both sets in 1hr 30min and she will next play either American Sloane Stephens or Kaia Kanepi of Estonia.In the men's event, U.S. eighth seed John Isner fell following a three set battle which included three tiebreaks against Spain's Albert Ramos 6-7 (5/7), 7-6 (7/2), 7-6 (7/5).
Rafael Nadal reacts to getting back to winning ways in Rome
"We're finally connecting and I think that's the most handsome thing", Fognini said of the crowd, which whistled him off the court following an erratic performance a few years ago.
"I beat a top clay-courter", Fognini added.
Osaka had every reason to be confident heading into her clash with Halep after beating her 6-3, 6-0 at Indian Wells in March, but on this occasion, she collapsed after a wasteful start.
In the women's tournament, top seeds Simona Halep and Caroline Wozniacki advanced to the third round in straight sets.
But the 37-year-old had to save a match point before seeing off Russian Elena Vesnina 6-2, 4-6, 7-5 and will next face Anett Kontaveit.
"I went on court with the right intensity". "And she was playing very solid". "But I think this is the first match of the year that I've felt like this", insisted Osaka, who struggled with her backhand.
With the score at 6-3, 3-6, 5-5 and serving at 30-30, Pliskova had an overhead smash incorrectly called out, and after the umpire, Marta Mrozinska, could not find the ball mark the original call stood. He broke in the 11th game and later served out the set.
Maria Sakkari upset sixth seed Karolina Pliskova in three sets with an impressive comeback, and Johanna Konta overcame Su-Wei Hsieh 6-0, 6-4.