Canada-U.S. trade lawyer Mark Warner said the complaints might have some merit, and Canada is well within its rights to complain to the WTO.
"Even if Canada succeeded on these groundless claims, other countries would primarily benefit, not Canada".
Canada's complaint comes as its efforts continue to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
"Today's preliminary decision allows USA producers to receive relief from the market-distorting effects of potential government subsidies", said Ross in a statement, instructing Customs and Border Protection agents to begin collecting cash deposits from paper importers at the border.
NAFTA has been heavily criticized by Trump, who called it the "worst deal in U.S. history" and warned that he might scrap it.
Kevin Dietsch/SIPA/NewscomAmerica's trading relationship with its northern neighbor continues to deteriorate as the US and Canada butt heads over the Trump administration's protectionism.
"These rates tabled lby the US on uncoated groundwood paper represent the third action that stands to hurt hard working men and women in our mill communities across Canada", says Derek Nighbor, CEO, Forest Products Association of Canada.
Canada claims the U.S.is guilty of breaking three basic WTO rules: the anti-dumping agreement, another on subsidies and a third on understanding the settlement of disputes mechanism.
U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, seen here December 11, called Canada's request on Wednesday "a broad and ill-advised attack on the U.S. trade remedies system".
Canada appeared to be mounting a case on behalf of the rest of the world, since it cited nearly 200 examples of alleged US wrongdoing, nearly all of them concerning other trading partners, such as China, India, Brazil and the European Union.
This is hardly Donald Trump's first protectionist action against Canada.
A wide-ranging trade complaint has been filed by Canada against the USA, accusing it of breaking global trade rules.
Further to the WTO complaint, Lighthizer said, "Canada is acting against its own workers' and businesses' interests".
Starting January 10, the US Department of Commerce imposed unwarranted countervailing duties up to 9.93 per cent on imported Canadian uncoated groundwood paper (newsprint).
Anticipating an imminent US retreat from NAFTA, the Canadian government has made a decision to go on the offensive in managing its trade relations with our Southern neighbor.
Chad Bown, an economist and trade expert at the Peterson Institute in Washington, said Canada's WTO move sends a stark message to Mr. Trump amid NAFTA talks: If you kill the deal, this is how Canada will fight you in trade disputes.
WASHINGTON-Canada has launched a wide-ranging attack against American trade practices in a broad worldwide complaint over that country's use of punitive duties-a move the United States is calling "broad and ill-advised".