Word Diabetes Day: 2.1 Million women die of diabetes yearly

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The theme for this year is: Women and Diabetes: Our right to a healthy future. These hormones may cause resistance to the actions of insulin and lead to higher blood sugar levels in women who have risk factors for diabetes. "This is confirmed by the very high levels of diabetes among women in the Region". That's especially true of type 2 diabetes.

Chris Askew, Diabetes UK's chief executive, said: "Diabetes affects more than 4.5 million people in the UK, and is the fastest-growing health crisis of our time". Of this, nearly 180 million are women. The global cost of diabetes is $850 billion annually. The prevalence of pre-diabetes ranged from 6 per cent in Mizoram to 14.7 per cent in Tripura.

There are two types of diabetes: In type 1, the body does not produce insulin at all and in type 2, the body does not produce enough insulin or the amount that is produced doesn't absorb sugar from our blood. She also stated that, "Obesity and physical inactivity put women at excess risk of diabetes".

The registry data shows 56.1% of the registered young diabetics have been hospitalised at least once for acute diabetes-related complications.

Making some basic lifestyle changes that contribute to weight loss and healthy living can decrease the risk for type 2 diabetes. Minister Chikukwa said the Ministry of Health and Child Care should ensure that hospitals and clinics are well equipped with diabetes testing facilities. However, GDM is not to be taken as seriously as it should be.

Pregnant women in urban areas tend to eat fatty and sugary foods, compared to women in rural areas, which increases the risk of abnormalities of sugar metabolism.

According to several studies, including the United Kingdom study in Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology abstract, South Asians tend to develop diabetes a decade before Europeans and at a lower weight.

This study will generate knowledge related to the implementation of a preventive strategy embedded in existing resource-constrained health systems.

The research also found that 19 per cent of participants had used support or counselling from a trained professional to help them manage their condition, and almost a third (32 per cent) had at some point relied on self-help materials including books, videos and resources found online.