DMU academics help to tackle antibiotic resistance

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Unfortunately, the effectiveness of antibiotics, and easy access to them, have also led to development of resistance, which is the ability of the microbes to resist the effects of drugs.

Despite the worry regarding excessive antibiotics usage in farm animals, concern also rises on the possible consequences if certain countries begin to impose restrictions or completely ban the use of antibiotic in the agricultural sector. Antibiotic resistance arises when bacteria survive despite encountering antibiotic medicines created to kill them. And without urgent intervention, we are heading for a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections and minor injuries will become untreatable, according World Health Organisation (WHO).

On November 7, 2017, World Health Organization issued a statement recommending that farmers and the food industry stop using antibiotics routinely to promote growth and prevent disease in healthy animals.

Over the last few years, the United States recently made its initial steps against antimicrobial resistance.

The results indicate younger Australians may be unaware antibiotics are ineffective for these common viral infections.

Dr. Peters said if the meat is sold with residues from the drug, it is especially risky, because the animals will not be cured from the bacterial infections, and, if consumed, it will pose a greater problem to the health of the public. This plan provides a roadmap to identify instances of antibiotic resistance, stop the spread of resistance, and improve the prescribing and use of antibiotics. And where "simple" infections, in the chest or skin or kidney for example, could be deadly. These germs often exist in the vagina with bacteria, including so-called "good bacteria", as not all bacteria are harmful.

-Do not use antimicrobials to treat bacteriuria in older adults where specific urinary tract symptoms are not present. Up to 50 percent of all the antibiotics prescribed for people are not needed or are not optimally effective as prescribed. If you share an antibiotic, it means that you have not taken the prescribed course, and neither will the person you share the drug with.

Another reason not to self-diagnose and treat, is that antibiotics are sometimes taken for conditions where no type of infection, bacterial or otherwise, exists.

He said there are at least three ways people misuse antibiotics.

The International Poultry Council also questioned WHO's stance on antibiotics, noting that "the IPC is very concerned that the World Health Organization guidelines inappropriately tie the hands of producers and limit their options for using antimicrobials for prevention, control and treatment of diseases based on specific need". Taking only part of a course of antibiotics, sharing them with someone else, missing doses or "stock-piling" them for a future occasion all contribute to increased resistance in the community.